Orthopedic Specialists

Football Injuries and How To Prevent Them

September 20, 2021

 Are you or a loved one playing on a football team this fall? If so, awareness of the risks is your first step to prevent a football injury. While there is never a guarantee against injury, there are certain steps that can be taken to help minimize your risk. Let’s take a closer look at the most common football injuries and how to prevent them.


Common Football Injuries

The more you know about the kinds of injuries that may occur as a football player, the better you can prepare yourself to avoid them. While there are many different types of injuries which may occur, here are four common football injuries:

1.    Traumatic Injuries: The combination of high speeds and direct contact associated with football put athletes at a very high risk of traumatic injuries. These types of injuries usually occur suddenly and as the result of a direct force. Knee injuries, especially those to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) or posterior cruciate ligament (PCL), are the most common among football players. Ankle sprains and shoulder injuries are also very common. These injuries have the potential to impact a player’s long-term ability to participate in the sport.

2.    Concussions: Football injury statistics in recent years have drawn attention to the problem of concussions among football players. A concussion is a traumatic brain injury which usually occurs from a direct blow to the head or a force which causes the head to snap back and forth violently. A concussion may or may not result in a loss of consciousness. Other signs of a concussion include headache, dizziness, nausea, loss of balance, drowsiness, numbness or tingling, difficulty concentrating, or blurry vision. One of the biggest concerns when a concussion is sustained is that adequate time is given for recovery. Repeated concussions, especially without a complete recovery from the previous concussion, severely increases a player’s risk of long-term consequences.

3.    Overuse Injuries: Overuse injuries can occur during any sport or activity.  Lower back pain and patellar tendonitis are among the most common overuse injuries seen in football. A proper training regime and targeted football injury prevention exercises can be effectively utilized to balance muscle strength and reduce overuse injuries.

4.    Heat Injuries: Intense physical activity and hot weather combined with heavy protective gear and clothing is a recipe for overheating injuries. These factors may result in excessive sweating, dehydration, and overheating. The body may become incapable of regulating its normal temperature — resulting in heat exhaustion, heat stroke, or even death.  


Football Injury Prevention Guidelines
Now that you are aware of the primary risks associated with playing football, let’s take a look at the measures you can take to minimize those risks:

1.    Maintain fitness year-round: This is the number one step  to prevent overuse injuries. Rest is a good thing, but jumping into an intense season without any preparation will set you up for an overuse injury.  Maintain basic fitness through running, biking, swimming, or going to the gym.

2.    Warm up, cool down, and stretch: Cold muscles are more prone to injury. Take some time to warm your muscles up through light exercise and then gently stretch to prepare your body for the workout ahead. At the end of every practice and game, take the time cool down and stretch to release muscle tension and prevent soreness.

3.    Hydrate: Hydration is key for your overall body function and for football injury prevention. If you are even slightly dehydrated your performance can be affected. 

4.    Wear proper equipment: This is important for football players. Your equipment protects you during those head-on collisions. Make sure all of your equipment fits properly and is in good working order at all times.

5.    Rest: If an injury does occur, whether it be a traumatic injury, overuse injury, a concussion, or a heat injury, get proper treatment and take the time to recover. Getting back in the game too soon only increases your risk of another, more severe, injury.


If you have any further questions or are in need of treatment of a sports injury , Iowa Specialty Hospital/Orthopedic Specialists Orthopedic Providers are here to help. Call 515-955-6767 for an appointment.

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